Deadly Fungal Infection and Symptoms Analized

deadly fungal infection symptoms

What Are Deadly Fungal Infection and Their Symptoms? 

Fungi are one of the major causes of diseases in the world today. However, unlike bacterial and viral infections, fungal infections are mostly mild and can be easily resolved with medications.

Still, fungal infections should be taken seriously as there are many serious fungal infections that could cause severe health problems.

In this piece, we are going to take a look at the deadly fungal infections and their symptoms.

Deadly Fungal Infection Symptoms

Vaginal Candidiasis

Vaginal Candidiasis is a common fungal infection affecting the vagina. This fungal infection is caused by a fungus called Candida.

Candida is a friendly fungus that exists in many parts of the body. Normally, Candida exists in the body without causing harm. However, certain changes could encourage the fungus to over-reproduce and grow exponentially.

When this happens in the vagina, it leads to an infection. Vaginal candidiasis is also referred to as vaginal yeast infection or vaginal candidiasis.

Symptoms

  • Itching or soreness of the vagina
  • Pain or discomfort when urinating
  • Abnormal vaginal diagnosis

In most women, the symptoms of the infections are mild, some women, however, might experience severe infections with symptoms including swelling, redness, and cracks in the wall of the vagina.

Treatment

Vaginal candidiasis can be treated by several types of antifungal medicines. Oral antifungals like fluconazole taken by mouth are effective in treating the condition.

Also, antifungal pessaries (tablets designed to be put into the vagina) are quite effective in handling the condition.

For women with severe infections or infections that are repetitive, a combination of several antifungal medicines may be necessary.

Aspergillosis

Aspergillosis is a fungal infection caused by the fungus, Aspergillus. In people with weakened immune systems, Aspergillosis could lead to health problems like lung infections and allergic reactions.

There are different types of Aspergillosis. Some types are mild and would only cause the affected person discomfort. Other lead to more serious conditions

Symptoms

Each Aspergillosis has its own. Overall, the affected person will develop the following symptoms regardless of the type of Aspergillosis they have.

  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing of blood
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Cough

Treatment

Treatment for Aspergillosis infections depends on the type and severity. In most cases, the affected will be placed on antifungal medication. In severe cases, the patient may need surgery.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis is a fungal infection caused by Blastomyces. Just like Aspergillosis, Blastomycosis doesn’t affect everyone and in some cases, the infection is only mild. However, untreated infections can later turn serious, especially if the infection spreads.

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Night sweat
  • Weight loss
  • Chest pain
  • Extreme tiredness (fatigue)

Treatment

Blastomycosis can be treated with antifungal medication. The type of medication used usually depends on the severity of the infection and if the infection has spread to other organs of the body.

Coccidioidomycosis

Valley fever (also called Coccidioidomycosis) is a fungal infection caused by coccidioides. Infection occurs when people breathe in the microscopic fungal spores from the air.

For most people, there would be no infection. Some may get sick. For some people, the infection resolves on its own in a few weeks and months. In some cases, however, they would need antifungal medication.

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Night sweats
  • Rash
  • Shortness of breath

Treatment

As said earlier, infected people will have to be treated with antifungal medications especially if their symptoms are severe. In cases where the infection is left untreated, it could result in meningitis which could be fatal.

Cryptococcus Neoformans

Cryptococcus Neoformans is a fungus that could cause mild to serious infections especially in people with weakened immune systems. In severe cases, the fungus could affect the brain leading to what is called Cryptococcal meningitis.

Symptoms

Since Cryptococcus Neoformans affect different organs of the body, the symptoms of the infection will be different. Overall, people with infection in the lungs and the brain will have the following symptoms.

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Neck pain
  • Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Confusion

Treatment

Cryptococcus Neoforman can be treated effectively with antifungal treatment. The type, duration, and dose of the treatment will depend on the severity of the infection.

C.gattii Cryptococcosis

C.gattii cryptococcosis is a fungal infection caused by Cryptococcus gattii. C.gattii cryptococcosis is a rare infection that can affect the lungs, central nervous system or both.

Symptoms

Symptoms of C.gattii cryptococcosis depend on the affected area. People with lung infections may develop or show different symptoms from those with brain infections or those with both lung and brain infections.  Overall, infected people may have the following symptoms

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Neck pain
  • Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Confusion

Treatment

C.gattii cryptococcosis can be effectively treated with antifungal treatment.

Histoplasmosis

Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection caused by Histoplasma, a fungus that lives in the soil. In most cases, people with Histoplasmosis will get better on their own without requiring medication. People with weakened immune systems, however, will require medications to reduce the severity of the symptoms

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Cheat pain
  • Body aches
  • Chills
  • Extreme tiredness (fatigue)

Treatment

In cases of severe histoplasmosis, antifungal medications would be required.

Mucormycosis

Mucormycosis is a severe fungal infection caused by mucormycetes, a group of molds that can be found in the environment. Mucormycosis rarely affects healthy people and is only common in those with underlying health problems or weakened immune systems.

Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Nasal congestion
  • Severe black lesions on nasal bridge
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Abdominal pina
  • Nausea

Treatment

Mucormycosis can be treated with prescription antifungal medicine.

Pneumocystis pneumonia

Pneumocystis pneumonia is a severe fungal infection caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii. The infection is most common in people with underlying health conditions and weakened immune system.

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Chills
  • Fatigue

Treatment

People with pneumocystis pneumonia will require prescription medicines to help them get rid of the infection. If left untreated, pneumocystis pneumonia could cause death. Luckily, there are several prescription medicines that can effectively treat the condition.

Sporotrichosis

Sporotrichosis or rose gardener’s disease is a fungal infection caused by Sporothrix Just like most other fungal infections, people get sporotrichosis when they breathe in the fungal spores in the environment.  However, most common sporotrichosis infections occur via skin transmission.

Symptoms

Sporotrichosis that occurs on the skin has different symptoms from when the infection occurs in the lungs. Skin infection usually leads to bumps that turn out to be slow-healing sores or ulcers. Other symptoms include

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fever

 Treatment

Sporotrichosis can easily and effectively be treated by several antifungal medicines like supersaturated potassium iodide and itraconazole

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